What diagnostic tools are available?

by | 1 July 2012

.

TOOLS WHAT IT MEASURES USED FOR REFERENCE METHOD
Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Dissociative Disorders, Revised (SCID-D-R) A 277-item interview that assesses for amnesia, depersonalisation, derealisation, identity confusion, and identity alteration. Measures presence and severity of symptoms. Diagnosis Steinberg, 1994, 19994, 1995 Clinician-administered
Dissociative Disorders Interview Schedule (DDIS) A 132-item structured interview that assesses the symptoms of the five DSM-IV dissociative disorders, somatisation disorder, borderline personality disorder, and major depressive disorder. The DDIS also assesses substance abuse, Schneiderian first-rank symptoms, trance, childhood abuse, secondary features of dissociative identity disorder, and supernatural/paranormal experiences. Measures presence of symptoms but not severity. Diagnosis Ross, 1997; Ross et al, 1989, 1990 Clinician-administered
Multidimensional Inventory of Dissociation (MID) 218-item instrument with 168 dissociation items and 50 validity items. Measures 23 dissociative symptoms and six response sets that serve as validity scales. Diagnosis Dell, 2006 Self-report (but scored by clinician)
Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) 28-item self-report instrument whose items screen primarily for absorption, imaginative involvement, depersonalization, derealisation, and amnesia. Screening only Bernstein & Putnam, 1986, 1993 Self-report
Dissociation Questionnaire (DIS-Q)

63-item self-report instrument which measures identity confusion and fragmentation, loss of control, amnesia, and absorption.

Developed in Belgium and The Netherlands, the DIS-Q is more commonly used by European than North American clinicians and researchers.

Screening only Vanderlinden, 1993; Vanderlinden, Van Dyck, Vandereycken, Vertommen, & Verkes, 1993 Self-report
Somatoform Dissociation Questionnaire-20 (SDQ-20) 20-item instrument that uses a 5-point Likert scale to measure somatoform dissociation. The SDQ-20 items address tunnel vision, auditory distancing, muscle contractions, psychogenic blindness, difficulty urinating, insensitivity to pain, psychogenic paralysis, non-epileptic seizures, and so on. A shorter version, the SDQ-5, is composed of five items from the SDQ-20. Screening only Nijenhuis, Spinhoven, Van Dyck, Van der Hart, & Vanderlinden, 1996, 1998; Nijenhuis et al, 1999 Self-report

More from Carolyn…

Boundaries

‘Dissociative parts of the personality’ grabbed the headlines, but my inability to set boundaries was the silent assassin destroying me from the inside… I said yes to everyone else, and no to myself. Other people mattered; I did not. And so, breakdown.

When it all becomes too much: trauma and irritable bowel syndrome

Dr Nick Read, a retired medical professor and now a psychotherapist, explains the link between trauma and irritable bowel syndrome – and what can be done about it.

Difficulties we face: Survivors’ perspectives

Dissociative survivors face a range of challenges and here, in their own words, they describe the things they find hardest about life with dissociative identity disorder.

Free Trauma Survivors' Resource Guide for New Subscribers

Join our mailing list and receive a FREE PDF version of our newly updated, 100-page 'Trauma Survivors' Resource Guide'!

Thank you for joining us! Your Trauma Survivors' Resource Guide is on its way to your inbox now.